Zinc is a slightly dense, inexpensive, easily worked, reactive metal that has the ability to attract oxygen allowing it to act as a sacrificial anode. Zinc is most commonly used as an anti-corrosion agent (galvanization) to protect iron and steel from rust. Zinc is a major component in metal alloys including brass, bronze and others and can also be used as a lead replacement. Zinc alloys have a wide variety of uses including consumer goods, automotive, manufacturing, electronics/communication. Zinc compounds have a wide range of applications including as semiconductors, fire retardants and pharmaceuticals. Economic zinc deposits include, sedimentary exhalative (SEDEX), Mississippi Valley Type (MVT) Volcanogenic Massive Sulphide (VMS) systems. The rate of exploration and development of new zinc projects may not be able to keep up with demand which is expected to triple by 2030 driven by net-zero carbon emission targets.